April 8, 2005
The Honorable Michael E. Busch
Speaker of the House
Annapolis, MD 21401
Dear Mr. Speaker:
In accordance with Article II, Section 17 of the Maryland Constitution, today I have vetoed House Bill 514 - International Trade Agreement - Procurement Rules - General Assembly Approval. I believe that the legislation exceeds the General Assembly's constitutional power to the extent that it purports to invalidate the effect of past legal actions of an executive branch official. Furthermore, this legislation makes a mockery of the three distinct branches of government. The provisions of this legislation also clearly encroach on executive branch prerogatives.
House Bill 514 prohibits the Governor, or any other State official, from binding the State or giving consent to bind the State to the government procurement rules of an international trade agreement, at the request of the federal government, without the express consent of the General Assembly. More disturbingly, House Bill 514 also invalidates any consent previously given by the Governor or a State official to bind the State or give consent to bind the State to the government procurement of an international trade agreement. There is scant evidence that the General Assembly gave any serious thought to the legal ramifications of repudiating retroactively the actions taken by a previous governor in 1993. From a legal perspective, the retroactive feature of House Bill 514 is of questionable constitutionality. It is clear from a policy perspective this action dangerously raises doubts about what, if any, reliance one here or abroad can place on the actions of the government of the State of Maryland. This is simply irresponsible.
As the Chief Executive Officer of the State of Maryland, duly elected by the citizens of this great State, I have been entrusted with the responsibility to make prudent and conscientious decisions that benefit all of the citizens of Maryland. The decisions that this Administration makes are no different than any other Chief Executive has made.
In 1981, the Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) was established to address the issue of government procurements under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The GPA is designed to ensure that government procurement in member nations does not favor domestic products or suppliers, or discriminate against foreign products or suppliers. The United States followed a process under which each state would specify which, if any, of its procurement activity would be subject to the GPA. Each state could also exclude aspects of its procurement activities from coverage. Participation in the GPA would increase exports from the State and create new jobs producing everything from the most basic commodities to the highest technology equipment and machinery. When the GPA was expanded to cover procurement by local government entities in the early 1990's the United States Trade Representative solicited governors across the nation to include state procurement in the GPA.
In 1993, Governor William Donald Schaefer sent a letter to the United States Trade Representative authorizing it to include procurements by certain State entities under the GATT Agreement on Government Procurement. Governor Schaefer excluded certain agencies and provided for certain conditions to apply, including, but not limited to minority business enterprise rules, recycled products preferences, small business preferences, and preferences for State Use Industries and Blind Industries. When negotiations were completed in 1996, the GPA included the Maryland agencies bound by the letter from Governor Schaefer, and noted that conditions applied to these procurements.
Subsequently, when the GPA was updated in 2003, I submitted a letter to the United States Trade Representative authorizing Maryland's participation in the GPA. My endorsement did not change the intent of the 1993 agreement, but simply consented to the expansion of the agreement to include more trading partners. Maryland's procurement laws are based on being fair and transparent. Participation in the GPA affirms these principles. In nine years of participation, no State procurement law has been preempted by the participation. Federal action is required to preempt the State procurement law. Additionally, there have been no problems with the current procurement system that would warrant burdening the process by requiring General Assembly approval before the State can enter into an international trade agreement.
It has been said that Maryland represents America in miniature. Without question, any business, product or service an individual anywhere in the world may need is made in Maryland. Because our State is so uniquely situated in the global economy, it is imperative that we maintain an aggressive and responsive international marketing strategy. It is counterproductive to require the world of business to stand still while the Maryland General Assembly debates legislation to approve a specific international trade agreement. Traditionally, a legislative body may become involved in international trade agreements when a specific issue warrants such action. In recent history, legislative bodies enacted trade restrictions against South Africa as a specific response to the existing political climate. In such instances, the legislative response is specific and very narrowly focused.
This State, and in particular this Administration, is serious about the place that Maryland has in the global economy. Hindering my (or future Chief Executive Officers') ability to respond quickly to the demands of that global economy will have a chilling effect on local businesses and on the State in general, regardless of who requests the trade agreement.
We live in a global community and strive to be good neighbors with all cultures of the world. The trade agreements affected by this legislation could promote global competition and opportunities. Participation in these agreements can benefit Maryland by promoting a more level playing field in government procurement. To the extent that House Bill 514 is an attempt to limit competition and possibly reduce foreign access to the Maryland market undermines the State's efforts to increase trade and investment opportunities with foreign countries. Additionally, abandoning the nondiscrimination requirements of the GPA could result in increased State procurement costs.
House Bill 514 is also representative of a growing number of bills that this legislature has seen fit to pass over the last three years that seek to curtail the powers of the executive branch of government. As the Chief Executive Officer of the State of Maryland, I believe that the citizens of Maryland expect me to make responsible and prudent decisions on their behalf.
For the above stated reasons, I have vetoed House Bill 514.
Very truly yours,
Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr.